“It is certain, however, that a movement has taken place from Tupelo, in what direction or for what purpose is not so certain”

July 23 1862, I sent a telegram to Gen. Halleck in Washington, “Since you have left here the greatest vigilance has been kept up by our cavalry to the front, but nothing absolutely certain of the movements of the enemy has been learned. It is certain, however, that a movement has taken place from Tupelo, in what direction or for what purpose is not so certain. Deserters and escaped prisoners concur in this statement, but all concurring so nearly I doubt whether they have not been misled with the view of having information reach us. It would seem from these statements that a large force moved on the 7th of this month toward Chattanooga; that Price was at Tupelo on the 17th, and made speech to his command, promising to take them back to Missouri through Kentucky; that his ordnance and provision train had moved westward with 17 days’ rations, and he has likely followed ere this.

“I do not regard this information of special value, except as giving an idea of points to watch and see if these statements are verified.

“The changes directed by you before leaving here have all been made. Morgan’s division has relieved Thomas. Sherman and Hurlbut have reached Memphis, and the entire Charleston and Memphis road is abandoned by us west of here, except at Chewalla, and a force yet retained at Grand Junction. Should anything occur within this district of a startling or important nature I will inform you by telegraph.”

The Papers of Ulysses S Grant, Vol 5, p 227-8

O.R., I, xvii, part 2, 114

Gen. Rosecrans: “The troops are demoralized and some of the officers have been stealing.”

July 21 1862 Received telegram from Gen. Rosecrans to my aide Maj. Rawlins, “Ask the Maj Genl. Comdg to please order the regt. at Pittsburg Landing to send a battalion to relieve three companies of the 80th Ohio, I have a Hamburg Landing.  Reasons the Maj Comdg is inefficient.  The troops are demoralized and some of the officers have been stealing.  The regt. at Pittsburg Landing is a good one and both posts will be under our commander.  Please answer.”

The Papers of Ulysses S Grant, Vol 5, p 223

National Archives, RG 393, Dept. of the Mo., Telegrams Received

 

“Bragg left Tupelo on the 7th with a large force and marched east, probably toward Chattanooga.”

I sent a warning about the reported rebel movements to Gen. Bragg, “The following information is received here and seems to be reliable:

“Bragg left Tupelo on the 7th with a large force and marched east, probably toward Chattanooga. There has also been a movement toward this place, but I think nothing formidable.”

The Papers of Ulysses S Grant, Vol 5, p 221

O.R., I, xvi, part 2, 188

Gen. Rosecrans: “They say our guards about Corinth are badly posted and their spies go where they please.”

I received another telegram from Gen. Rosecrans, “Two dispatches from General Davis, of the Fourth Division, at Jacinto, give contradictory reports. The former that the enemy were moving from Jacinto to Saltillo, the other that they were concentrating at Big Springs Factory, 15 miles southeast of Jacinto, and 25 miles south from Iuka; that they imagine we are reduced in numbers and intend to attack Jacinto and Corinth. They say our guards about Corinth are badly posted and their spies go where they please.

“While I do not credit the report of their intended attack on Jacinto I have given Davis orders to be prepared to fight or fall back, sending his baggage before him, on this position.

“I have also given Morgan notice of the report. His division will be in Burnsville to-morrow and at Iuka next day and evening. I venture to suggest Davis’ division requires caution as to its guard duty.”

The Papers of Ulysses S Grant, Vol 5, p 222

O.R., I, xvii, part 2, 108

Gen. Rosecrans: “Bragg with a large force left Tupelo on the 7th, marching toward Chattanooga.”

July 20 1862, The rebels under Gen. Bragg seem to be making an advance.  I received the following telegram from Gen. Rosecrans.

“From a gentleman whom I know, who was imprisoned by the rebels and escaped after two unsuccessful attempts, bringing with him the irons with which he was manacled at Tupelo, I learn the following important facts:

“Bragg with a large force left Tupelo on the 7th, the date of his flag-of-truce letter to General Halleck, for the east, marching by Peeksville toward Chattanooga. A small force left Tupelo for Mobile July 1. There has been additional forces sent from Tupelo to Saltillo. Bradfute’s cavalry is at Fulton. Thomas Jordan commands at Saltillo. Price is at Priceville, 6 miles east of Tupelo. A brigade is half west of Tupelo. No troops any farther west. Total force in that vicinity will not exceed 20,000. No troops were seen by him north of New Albany except a few strolling cavalry.”

Elsewhere we are having trouble with rebel guerrillas.  I received the following telegram from Gen. Quinby.

“A dispatch just received informs me that Clarksville is taken by rebels, and that a force, from 600 to 800, is now moving on Fort Henry. Re-enforcements are asked for, but I do not have them to spare. Guerrilla bands are forming through Western Kentucky and Tennessee, and unless they are promptly attack and dispersed they will give us great trouble.

“With two good regiments of cavalry, in addition to the infantry and artillery I now have, they could be kept down and the enlisting for the regular rebel service could be suppressed.”

The Papers of Ulysses S Grant, Vol 5, p 221-22

O.R., xvii, part 2, 107-8

 

“Send four Companies of Morgans Division immediately to Tuscumbia [AL] to relieve the Provost Guard there.”

July 19 1862, Sent telegram to Gen. Rosecrans, “Send four Companies of Morgans Division immediately to Tuscumbia [AL] to relieve the Provost Guard there.  I would like you to visit this Division, soon after its removal to see you in person, that the locations are well chosen.  I have no inspector or other Staff Officers to entrust this matter to.  You may send Col Tinkham as proposed.  Send by rail with rations.”

The Papers of Ulysses S Grant, Vol 5, p 220

National Archives, RG 393, Army of the Miss., Telegrams Received

“Upon the arrival of Maj Gen Sherman … proceed to reinforce Genl Curtis at Helena Ark.”

July 18 1862, Sent telegram to Brig. Gen. Alvin P. Hovey at Memphis, “Upon the arrival of Maj Gen Sherman, all the Infantry under your command at Memphis will proceed to reinforce Genl Curtis at Helena Ark.  Take with you camp and Garrison Equipage of the 24th Indiana Vols; when you arrive there it will be under your command.  Gen Sherman has the orders for you.”

The Papers of Ulysses S Grant, Vol 5, p 214

Hovey Papers

“Hold Grand Junction with your present force until otherwise directed.”

July 17 1862, Sent telegram to Gen. McClernand, “Hold Grand Junction with your present force until otherwise directed.  I will make Grand Junction a cavalry out post with light transportation enabling them to move back rapidly to Bolivar should it prove a necessary contingency, which I do not expect.”

The Papers of Ulysses S Grant, Vol 5, p 211

Register of Letters, McClernand Papers

Capt. McLean: “The District of West Tennessee, Major-General Grant commanding, will include the Districts of Cairo and Mississippi”

July 16 1862 Gen. Halleck has finally informed me why I have been called to Corinth.  He has been ordered to Washington to assume command of all armies.  I received this telegram from Capt. McLean issuing Special Field Orders No. 161, “The District of West Tennessee, Major-General Grant commanding, will include the Districts of Cairo and Mississippi; that part of the State of Mississippi occupied by our troops, and that part of Alabama which may be occupied by the troops of his particular command, including the forces heretofore known as the Army of the Mississippi.”

The Papers of Ulysses S Grant, Vol 5, p 211

O.R., I, xvii, part 2, p 101