Wrote Brig. Gen. Seth Williams, Asst. Adj. Gen. U.S.A., “In conformity with telegraphic dispatch from Maj. Gen. McClellan received yesterday asking a full number of my command, their condition, wants, position etc. I have directed a full Monthly report made out to be sent to your office. Owing to the activity with which troops under my command have been kept moving since the first of the Month, full reports are not yet in.”
“My command extends to Cape Girardeau, Mo. garrisoned with three regiments of Infantry, one Comp. Light Artillery, one Engineer company, one Company mounted Home Guards and one Siege Company, both the latter anxious to be mustered into the service of the United States. The post commanded by Col. J. B. Plummer 11th Mo. Vols.
“Birds Point Mo. garrisoned with six regiments of Infantry, two companies Light Artillery, one Engineer Company, and Eleven companies Cavalry.
“One company of Artillery have just received their pieces but have not yet been supplied with horses or harness. Four companies of the Cavalry arrived yesterday.
“Fort Holt Ky. garrisoned with two regiments of Infantry, one Comp. each of Cavalry and Light Artillery, the Artillery with but four pieces (two of them taken at Belmont) and neither horses nor harness.
“I was very much opposed to occupying Fort Holt at the beginning, but now a great deal of labor has been expended in fortifying and strengthening the position, and the troops there have partially built huts for Winter accommodation.
“Mound City Garrisoned with one regiment of Infantry.
“Cairo with six regiments of Infantry, one Company Light Artillery and nine Companies of Cavalry. One regiment of Infantry and all the Cavalry but one Comp. without arms.
“My whole command numbers less than eighteen thousand of which about two thousand two hundred are sick. But for the measles, however, the health of the command would be comparatively good.
“We are deficient in land transportation, arms and clothing. The latter two are deficient both in quantity and quality.
“The post has been carried on so long without funds in the Quartermaster’s Department that nothing can be procured at current cash rates, and not at all except with difficulty. I would urge the necessity of sending a supply of funds for the use of this post soon.
“I think also that the interest of the service demands that a regular Quartermaster be sent here.
“I have under my command two Genboats one of which remains at Mound City to guard the new boats being built there, the other here.
“I shall hope to have ready by tomorrow a Monthly report showing the exact condition of my whole command and accompanied by reports of the various departments.”
The Papers of Ulysses S Grant, Vol 3, p 165-6
O.R., I, iii, 570-71