I will not tolerate the mistreatment of wounded enemy soldiers and civilians. I have sent explicit instructions to Gen. McClernand to prevent this from happening.
RAYMOND, MISS., May 13, 1863
Major-General McClernand, Comdg. Thirteenth Army Corps:
Please detail a Regiment from your advanced Division to act as Provost Guard of this town. Charge the Provost Marshal to relieve all the guards now on duty here by new details—to see that prisoners and hospitals are properly protected—and that soldiers are required to conduct themselves in an orderly manner, and prevented from entering and pillaging houses.
U. S. GRANT
He replied with a report of his corps’ action today.
HEADQUARTERS THIRTEENTH ARMY CORPS, May 13, 1863.
Major General U. S. GRANT, Comdg. Dept. of the Tennessee:
I have the honor to acknowledge the receipt of your dispatch of this date. In pursuance of your instructions, I set my Army Corps in motion at 6 o’clock A. M. and arrived at this place about 3. P. M. I sent Genl Osterhaus Division forward to Raymond, but upon reaching the creek 4 miles this side, I am just informed by him—he found Genl Steele’s Wagontrain just starting, and may not be able to reach Raymond tonight in consequence. If not, he will be at Raymond at 5-1/2 o’clock A. M. tomorrow. He is instructed—upon reaching Raymond, to make a detail of one Regiment, and to fully execute your orders, in relation to guards— hospital—and police discipline of soldiers to prevent the pillaging of houses. According to your instructions of yesterday—I sent Genl Smith’s Division to guard from New Auburn to Raymond, the ammunition and provision trains, on their way from the Gulf, together with the train of the 13th Army Corps. The latter only has arrived. The other Divisions, I moved on the North side of Fourteen Mile Creek. In order to effect this movement safely, and to make a demonstration as directed by you, I threw Genl Hovey’s Division forward within two & a half miles of Edward’s Depot, and drew it up in line of battle, until the 9th and 14th Divisions had Crossed Baker’s Creek, which was attended with some delay on account of having to explore the road and construct a ford—the bridge having been destroyed. In consequence of this delay, Genl Hovey’s Division did not arrive until 4-1/2 oclock P. M. I am happy to be able to report that this movement has been safely effected without loss, although the rear guard was attacked, and we had to skirmish with the enemy, whom we dispersed, on withdrawing the Division from its position. I had anticipated trouble in effecting the change of position in so delicate a matter with flank and rear exposed. I hope the threatening demonstration against Edward’s Station held by my command for several hours today may have so far divided the attention of the enemy, as to have furthered your plan in the main movement against Jackson. I enclose copy of order to Genl Osterliaus for your information. The mail train from the Gulf has just arrived safely. Genl Blair’s Division is near. Genl Smith burned the bridge at his encampment on 14 Mile Creek before leaving. He is encamped tonight, near Old Auburn.
Your obedient servant,
JOHN A. McClernand
The Papers of Ulysses S Grant, Vol 8, p 209-10
O.R., I, xxiv, part 3, p 305
National Archives, RG 393, 13th Army Corps, Letters Received