Sherman: “I send copies of a correspondence begun with General Johnston”

I just received a telegram from Sherman sent on the 15th.  He is beginning surrender negotiations with Johnston.

Raleigh, N. C., April 1865.

General U. S. GRANT and SECRETARY OF WAR:

(Care of General Easton, New Berne or Morehead.)

I send copies of a correspondence begun with General Johnston, which, I think, will be followed by terms of capitulation.  I will accept the same terms as General Grant gave General Lee, and be careful not to complicate any points of civil policy. If any cavalry have started toward me caution them that they must be prepared to find our work done. It is now raining in torrents, and I shall await General Johnston’s reply here, and will propose to meet him in person at Chapel Hill. I have invite Governor Vance to return to Raleigh with the civil officers of his State. I have met ex-Governor Graham, Mr. Bager, Moore, Golden, and other, all of whom agree that the war is over, and that the States of the South must resume their allegiance, subject to the Constitution and laws of Congress, and that the military power of the South must submit to the national arms. This great fact once admitted, all the details are easy of arrangement.

W. T. SHERMAN,

Major-General.

 

The Papers of Ulysses S Grant, Vol 14, p 418

O.R., I, xlvii, part 3, p 221

“I feel certain that you now have Mobile.”

From Gen. Camby’s dispatches, he either has control of Mobile or he soon will.  His troops could provide valuable support to Gen. Pope’s move into Texas.  I wrote Camby,

WASHINGTON, D. C., April 17, 1865-1.30 p. m.

Major-General CANBY,

Mobile, Ala.:

I feel certain that you now have Mobile. If so, you have a large force that will no longer be required where it is. Commence operations immediately with all the force you can spare against Galveston, Tex., unless the force in Louisiana and Texas surrender, as Johnston’s probably has done. A large force will start from Southwest Arkansas-

about the 1st of June to invade the State of Texas and wind up the war in that quarter. Your movement against Galveston will be co-operative.

U. S. GRANT,

Lieutenant-General.

 

The Papers of Ulysses S Grant, Vol 14, p 398

O.R., I, xlix, part 2, p 382-3

“it will be better to have Mosby’s and White’s men in Maryland as paroled prisoners of war than at large as guerrillas”

I have been forwarded this message concerning some Confederate cavalry.

DARNESTOWN, April 17, 1865.

Liueut. Colonel J. H. TAYLOR,

Chief of Staff and Assistant Adjutant-General:

Two hundred White’s and Mosby’s men have sent word that they wish to be paroled at Edwards Ferry. They have been directed to come to-morrow. Shall I not send to your headquarters for blank paroles, or can the officer parole the men?

J. L. THOMPSON,

Colonel, Commanding.

 

I sent this on to Sec. Stanton and added,

HEADQUARTERS ARMIES OF THE UNITED STATES,

Washington, D. C., April 17, 1865.

Respectfully referred to the Secretary of War.

My own views are that it will be better to have Mosby’s and White’s men in Maryland as paroled prisoners of war than at large as guerrillas. I would exact, however, that all should be required to register their names and residence with the nearest provost-marshal to the place where they intend to live. I would also suggest the form of parole adopted with General Lee’s army, an exact copy of which will be found in the New York Herald of to-day. I would required each man to sign his own parole, instead of allowing officers to sign for their men.

U. S. GRANT,

Lieutenant-General.

 

The Papers of Ulysses S Grant, Vol 14, p 397-8

O.R., I, xlvi, part 3, p 817-8

“The change which has come upon the country so suddenly will make it necessary for me to remain in the City”

Julia is concerned for my safety in the face of the assassination plot against the President and Sec. Seward.  I wrote her to put her mind at ease.

Washington Apl. 16th 1865

Dear Julia,
I got back here about 1 p. m. yesterday and was called immediately into the presence of our new President, who had already been qualified, and the Cabinet. I telegraphed you from Baltimore and told Beckwith to do the same thing from here. You no doubt received the dispatches. All seems very quiet here. There is but little doubt but that the plot contemplated the destruction of more than the President and Sec, of State. I think now however it has expended itself and there is but little to fear. For the present I shall occupy a room in the office which is well guarded and will be occupied by Bowers and probably two or three others. I shall only go to the Hotel twice a day for my meals and will stay indoors of evenings. The change which has come upon the country so suddenly will make it necessary for me to remain in the City for several days yet. Gen. Halleck will go to Richmond to command there and Ord to Charleston. Other changes which will have to be made, and the apparent feeling that I should remain here until everything gets into working order under the new regime will probably detain me here until next Saturday, If I can get home sooner I will do so. I hope you will be in your house in Phila when I do go home. The inconvenience of getting from the Phila depot to Burlington is about equal to the balance of the trip.
Love and kisses for you and the children.
Ulys.

 

The Papers of Ulysses S Grant, Vol 14, p 396-7

“You may exercise your judgment about sending to Kirby Smith for a surrender”

Gen. Pope has sent me a plan for operations in Texas against Kirby Smith.

Lieutenant General U. S. GRANT,

General-in-Chief U. S. Army:

GENERAL: I have sent you under date of the 8th instant a plan of operations in Texas. The glorious result of your operations in Virginia and the surrender of Lee’s army may make such a movement unnecessary. It is more than likely that when this news reaches Kirby Smith’s army in an authentic form they will disperse to their homes. Would you consider it advisable for me to send it to Kirby Smith under flag of truce and demand the surrender or dispersion of his army?

I am, general, very respectfully, your obedient servant,

JOHN POPE,

Major-General, Commanding.

I wrote him to give him approval.

WASHINGTON, April 16, 1865-9 p. m.

Major-General POPE,

Saint Louis, Mo.:

Make your preparations for carrying out the campaign proposed in your communication of the 8th. I will direct General Allen to commence shipping wagons to Little Rock. You may exercise your judgment about sending to Kirby Smith for a surrender. I believe by judicious management he might be induced to give up the contest. He might want to get of the country himself.

U. S. GRANT,

Lieutenant-General.

 

The Papers of Ulysses S Grant, Vol 14, p 394

O.R., I, xlviii, part 2, p 64, 106

“On reflection I will withdraw my dispatch of this date”

After further reflection, I decided that Gen. Ord was correct, and I withdrew my order.

HEADQUARTERS ARMY OF THE UNITED STATES, Washington, April 15, 1865-8 p. m.

Major-General ORD,

Richmond, Va.:

On reflection I will withdraw my dispatch of this date directing the arrest of Campbell, Mayo, and others so far as it may be regarded as an order, and leave it in the light of a suggestion, to be executed only so far as you may judge the good of the service demands.

U. S. GRANT,

Lieutenant-General.

 

The Papers of Ulysses S Grant, Vol 14, p 392

O.R., I, xlvi, part 3, p 762

Ord: “I will risk my life that the present paroles will be kept”

Gen. Ord replied,

RICHMOND, VA., April 15, 1865.

General U. S. GRANT:

Cipher dispatch directing certain parties to be arrested is received. The two citizens I have seen. They are old, nearly helpless, and I think incapable of harm. Lee and staff are in town among the paroled prisoners. Should I arrest them under the circumstances I think the rebellion here would be reopened. I will risk my life that the present paroles will be kept, and if you will allow me to do so trust the people here who, I believe, are ignorant of the assassination. done, I think, by some insane Brutus with but few accomplices. Mr. Campbell and Hunter pressed me earnestly yesterday to send them to Washington to see the President. Would they have done so if guilty? Please answer.

E. O. C. ORD,

Major-General.

 

The Papers of Ulysses S Grant, Vol 14, p 391-2

O.R., I, xlvi, part 3, p 762

“Extreme rigor will have to be observed whilst assassination remains the order of the day with the rebels”

We cannot rule out the possibility that President Lincoln’s assassination is part of a rebel government plot.  I wrote Gen. Ord,

WASHINGTON CITY, April 15, 1865- 4 p. m.

Major-General ORD,

Richmond, Va.:

Arrest J. A. Campbell, Mayor Mayo, and the members of the old council of Richmond, who have not yet taken the oath of allegiance, and put them in Libby Prison. Hold them guarded beyond the possibility of escape until further orders. Also arrest all paroled officers and surgeons until they can be sent beyond our lines, unless they take the oath of allegiance. The oath need not be received form any one who you have not good reason to believe will observe it, and form none who are excluded by the President’s proclamation, without authority of the President to do so. Extreme rigor will have to be observed whilst assassination remains the order of the day with the rebels.

U. S. GRANT,

Lieutenant-General.

The Papers of Ulysses S Grant, Vol 14, p 391

O.R., I, xlvi, part 3, p 762

Stanton: “GENERAL: I beg to call your attention to the security of this city”

I received the following from Sec. Stanton,

WAR DEPARTMENT, Washington City, April 15, 1865.

Lieutenant-General GRANT:

GENERAL: I beg to call your attention to the security of this city, and especially to the large number of rebel officers and privates, prisoners of war, and rebel refugees, and deserters that are among us, and ask you to see that adequate force and vigilance are employed. Directions were given Major-General Augur on this subject last night, and also instructions to look to the condition of the forts and defenses. Adequate provision may have been made, but at the present deplorable juncture I feel it my duty to ask you to consider yourself specially charged with all matters pertaining to the security and defence of this national capital. Please acknowledge the receipt of these instructions.

Your obedient servant,

EDWIN M. STATION,

Secretary of War.

 

I wrote to Gen. Halleck,

CAMDEN STATION, Baltimore, April 15, 1865.

Major General H. W. HALLECK:

Please direct General Hancock to send a regiment of infantry to Havre de Grace bridge without delay. One company of cavalry should also be sent there for the present. If you can bring down from the North a regiment sooner than it could be got from Hancock you may direct one from there to Havre de Grace.

U. S. GRANT,

Lieutenant-General.

 

The Papers of Ulysses S Grant, Vol 14, p 389-91

O.R. I, xlvi, part 3, p 757-8

Eckert: “The President was assassinated at Ford’s Theater at 10.30 to-night and cannot live”

While in Washington I was very busy for a time in preparing the necessary orders for the new state of affairs ; communicating with my different commanders of separate departments, bodies of troops, etc. But by the 14th I was pretty well through with this work, so as to be able to visit my children, who were then in Burlington, New Jersey, attending school. Mrs. Grant was with me in Washington at the time, and we were invited by President and Mrs. Lincoln to accompany them to the theatre on the evening of that day. I replied to the President’s verbal invitation to the effect, that if we were in the city we would take great pleasure in accompanying them; but that I was very anxious to get away and visit my children, and if I could get through my work during the day I should do so. I did get through and started by the evening train on the 14th, sending Mr. Lincoln word, of course, that I would not be at the theatre.

 

As Julia and I rode to the depot, a man rode past us on a horse peering intently into our carriage.  He glared at us in a most disagreeable manner.  We were in the carriage of Gen. Rucker, and his wife said, “General, everyone wants to see you.”  I replied, “Yes, but I do not care for such glances.”

At that time the railroad to New York entered Philadelphia on Broad Street; passengers were conveyed in ambulances to the Delaware River, and then ferried to Camden, at which point they took the cars again. When I reached the ferry, on the east side of the City of Philadelphia, I found people awaiting my arrival there; and also dispatches informing me of the assassination of the President and Mr. Seward, and of the probable assassination of the Vice President, Mr. Johnson, and requesting my immediate return.

 

The dispatch read,

WASHINGTON, D. C., April 14, 1865-12 p. m. (Sent 12.20 a. m., 15th.)

Lieutenant-General GRANT,

On night train to Burligton:

The President was assassinated at Ford’s Theater at 10.30 to-night and cannot live. The wound is a pistol-shot through the head. Secretary Seward and his son Frederick were also assassinated at their residence and are in a dangerous condition. The Secretary of War desires that you return to Washington immediately. Please answer on receipt of this.

THOS. T. ECKERT,

Major, &c.

The Personal Memoirs of Ulysses S Grant, Chpt LXVIII

The Personal Memoirs of Julia Dent Grant, p 156

The Papers of Ulysses S Grant, Vol 14, p 390

O.R., I, xlvi, part 3, p 745